The inherent nature of the civil engineering profession is such…

The inherent nature of the civil engineering profession is such…

b)List any 1 design selection criteriaSystem owner:      System user:      Community:     (c)

The inherent nature of the civil engineering profession is such that its practitioners can greatly benefit from a knowledge of systems engineering concepts. Do you agree? Provide a brief but convincing argument to support your position. As part of your answer, you may cite any good definition of civil engineering, and use elements of that definition to buttress your position.

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As a civil engineer, you have been consulted to provide advice on the selection of alternative designs for crossing State Street from the university bookshop to the other side building. Your options are: (a) leave as is, (b) build a pedestrian bridge to cross the intersection, (c) build a tunnel. , from the perspective of each of the following stakeholders:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Assume that in the problem stated in (b) above, a pedestrian bridge is selected for construction.

(i)Why would you refer to this bridge as a “system”?

 

 

 

 

(ii) Name any 1 of its physical components.

 

 

 

 

(iii) Name any 1 goal.

 

 

 

 

 

(iv) How would you measure the degree to which it is achieving that goal?

 

 

 

 

 

(v) Name any 1 thing that constitute its environment.

 

 

 

 

(vi) Name one way in which the environment could enhance the system?

 

 

 

 

(vii) Name one way in which the environment could degrade the system?

 

 

 

 

(viii) Name one way in which the system could enhance its environment?

 

 

 

 

(ix) Name one way in which the system could enhance its environment?

 

 

 

(d) Robert is using the following performance measures to assess the performance of a campus pedestrian tunnel section: reduction in walking time, user comfort and security, panel condition (geotechnical, that is no leaks from groundwater) and aesthetic appeal. In Elizabeth’s opinion, this set of performance measures is a great choice. Give reasons why she would think so. [Hint: do not think of what each PM is doing. Rather, think of the desired characteristics that needs to be fulfilled by each PM and the desired attributes of a set of PMs assembled for any CE systems evaluation problem].

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(e) To test a claim made about a certain population of systems, Lily took a sample and carried out a hypothesis test and had a certain result. The next day, Alex F took a sample from the same population and carried out a test for the same hypothesis but had the opposite result. Give any 3 reasons that could explain the difference in their experiment outcomes.